SARUA’s aim is thus to strengthen the leadership and institutions of higher education in the southern African region
Population: 1.146 million 2006)
GDP per capita: US$2,300 (2006)
Human Development Index (HDI): 0.547
Unemployment Levels: 40% (2006 est.)
Key Economic Sectors: Manufacturing, Tourism
Principal Exports: Soft Drink Concentrate, Sugar, Wood Pulp, Refrigerators
HIV & AIDS Prevalence: 26.09% (2007 estimate)
Gross Primary Enrolment Ratio: 98 (2006)
Gross Secondary Enrolment Ratio: 43 (2002)
Gross Tertiary Enrolment Ratio: 4 (2006)
Source: Country context data was obtained from a variety of sources: (CIA, 2008; SADC, 2008; UNAIDS, 2008; UNDP, 2008; UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2006)
THE KINGDOM of Swaziland is a small landlocked country which covers just over 17 000 square kilometres. It is situated between the Republic of South Africa and Mozambique, and is often referred to as the ‘Switzerland of Africa.’ Swaziland comprises magnificent mountain scenery with unique ancient rock formations, which are a fascination for geologists, scholars and visitors. Many significant geological, archaeological and anthropological finds continue to be made...Read more.
National Education System Overview
Primary education in Swaziland lasts for seven years, leading to the Swaziland Primary Certificate. Primary school begins at age six. Secondary education lasts for five years and is divided into two cycles: a three-year cycle leading to the Junior Certificate and a two-year cycle preparing pupils to the General Certificate of Education ‘O’ Level which gives access to higher education (International Association of Universities (IAU) World Higher Education Database, 2003). Swaziland’s higher education sector consists of seven institutions of higher learning including a publicly funded university, publicly funded polytechnics and specialized colleges, and privately funded accredited universities and colleges.
As a UNESCO member, Swaziland is a signatory to the Education for All (EFA) Declaration. Swaziland completed its draft EFA action plan in 2003 in consultation with stakeholders (Swaziland Government). The National Education Policy 1999 outlines some of the problems faced by the education system, and its priority areas (Government of Swaziland, 1999). There is no national HE policy.
Higher Education Legislation
No relevant legislation was found
List of Statutory Bodies in the Higher Education Sector
The Education Board oversees the implementation of education policies and advises on the need to review outdated policies and targets.
Scholarship Selection Board
This board is responsible for screening tertiary education scholarship applications and making recommendations to the minister of education on who should be awarded scholarships.
The council is responsible for university operations and ensures the smooth operation of the University of Swaziland.
The senate is responsible for all academic affairs of the university and all affiliated tertiary institutions.
University Research Board
This board is responsible for commissioning research studies, advising on issues related to research and ensuring the progressive operation of the university research centre.
Source: Swaziland MoE questionnaire response
Public Expenditure on Education as a % of Gross National Income (GNI)
% Education budget allocated to higher education
Loan/Grant scheme in place
Source: SARUA (2008) – Pillay report
Science and Technology
R&D Intensity [The ratio of Gross expenditure on R&D (GERD) to Gross Domestic Product (GDP)]
ISI Output (Number of papers published in the 7500+ journals of the ISI Web of Science)