SARUA’s aim is thus to strengthen the leadership and institutions of higher education in the southern African region
Democratic Republic of Congo
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a former Belgian colony that gained independence in 1960. Since independence, the country has experienced recurring political unrest and socioeconomic turmoil. The quest for access to and control over the huge mineral-rich areas of the country has been the focus of protracted war, which has been fuelled by internal and international interests. War has directly resulted in over 5.4 million deaths, while diarrhoea, malaria, pneumonia and malnutrition continue to take their toll on the population. Although the war has reduced significantly, more than 1.5 million people remain internal refugees among whom many thousands of deaths are recorded each month (Shah 2010). There are also more than 153 000 refugees from the conflict in surrounding countries.