SARUA’s aim is thus to strengthen the leadership and institutions of higher education in the southern African region
Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, with a tropical climate. It consists mostly of plateau, with some hills and mountains, dissected by river valleys. With an area of 752 614km2, it is the 39th-largest country in the world, slightly larger than the US state of Texas. According to the 2010 population census, the total population is 13 046 508 (CSO 2011). Zambia is one of the most urbanised countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with 44 per cent of the population concentrated in a few urban areas along the major transport corridors, while rural areas are sparsely populated. Unemployment and under-employment are serious problems in the urban areas, while the majority of Zambians in rural areas depend on subsistence farming (CIA 2008; Bloom, Cunning and Chan 2006).